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Vitznau-Rigi Railway – Europe's first cogwheel railway

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Foto: Rigi Bahnen AG

Rigibahnen
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Foto: Rigi Bahnen AG

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Pure vintage – ride on Europe's first cogwheel railway on your next outing to the Rigi. It's been travelling tirelessly up and down the Queen of the Mountains ever since 1871.

"I want to make it possible for everyone to travel up into the mountains and enjoy the glory of our magnificent country!" proclaimed Niklaus Riggenbach in 1863 when he patented his new invention in France, a rack-and-pinion system that enables trains to climb uphill. When cogwheel railway pioneer Riggenbach patented his system, nobody could have foreseen how fast the principle would spread in the ensuing years.

Construction of the railway between Vitznau and the Rigi began in mid-September 1869. Riggenbach's birthday on 21 May 1870 saw the first test run on the initial 300 m stretch of track in Vitznau carried out to his satisfaction; the locomotive in question was No. 1, "Stadt Luzern". Europe's first cogwheel railway was inaugurated to great fanfare on 21 May 1871. Riggenbach himself commanded the inaugural train to Rigi Staffelhöhe, the terminus at that time.

The commissioning of Europe's first cogwheel railway saw the Rigi Railway point the way to the future. It promptly set about adding more track to its network. The first half of the 20th century witnessed the gradual electrification of cogwheel railways.

The Rigi Railway still runs on the rack-and-pinion system installed in 1871. The system and its technical facilities are maintained and restored on a daily basis with touching attention to detail. Regular inspections of the track and quality checks ensure safe operation and the same enjoyable ride as in 1871.

 

Location and contact

Tourist Information Vitznau
Luzern Tourismus AG
Bahnhofstrasse 1
6354 Vitznau
+41 (0)41 227 18 10
vitznauluzern.com
www.weggis-vitznau.ch
Location partly accessible/usable